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Lisbon view from the elevator to castelo Sao JorgeThe city of Lisbon extends over steep hills and deep valleys along the banks of the Tejo river - a city with many faces! Already at times of the Phoenicians the large natural harbour Alis Ubbo (lovely bay) was a base of the merchant shipping of Carthage. Afterwards Greeks and Romans (200 BC to 400 AD) ruled over the city. Julius Caesar called it Felicitas Julia. In 714 the Moors arrived from Morocco, replacing a succession of northern tribes. They fortified the city and held out against Christian attack for over 400 years, until the city was conquered 1147 by the Portuguese king Alfons I.. Lixboa (Lisboa). In the 13th century Lisbon became a residence and the capital of Portugal.
 
Lisbon, Rua de Augusto
Lisbon, Praca do commercio
Lisbon, house with tiles
Lisbon - Alfama
Rua de Augusto
Praca 
do commercio
house with tiles
Alfama

Lisbon cathedral
Lisbon historic elevator Santa Justa
Lisbon mediaeval castel Saint George
Lisbon Jerónimos monastery, UNESCO World Heritage
Lisbon Torre de Bélem, UNESCO World Heritage
cathedral
Catedral Sé Patriarcal
elevator 
Santa Justa
Saint George's Castle Jerónimos Monastery
UNESCO W. H.
Torre de Bélem
UNESCO W. H.
Lisbon Paco NecessidadesIn the16. century.  Lisbon experienced its blossom and became one of the most important commercial centres and most magnificent metropolises in Europe. Under the reign of Manuel I. annually 2000 ships drove up the Tejo delta, loaded with black slaves, jewels, spices and silk from Africa, India and South America! 

Carmo Church memorial to the earth quake 1755Of all the splendour hardly a stone  remained. On All Saint's Day in 1755 the city was almost completely destroyed by the heaviest earthquake, which ever shook a big European city. 40,000 humans died! Napoleon's invasions caused further destruction ....

Lisbon - AlfamaToday Lisbon is however again one of the most charming metropolises of Europe and the hilliest port of the world; a city, which one should explore best on foot or by means of public transportation. Historic trams squeaking meandering through the narrow, mountainous streets, cable railways and a historical elevator in the midst of the city (Elevator de Santa Justa) make it easy for you, to explore all parts of the city. The oldest district of Lisbon is the Alfama. Built on rock, it largely survived the quake. Here was the centre of the old Moorish city. Although it must be urgently redeveloped,  - like also Venice - the place between romantic and poverty has its own very special charm!


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